WELCOME TO EPHESUS    ancient city


In the ancient world, Ephesus was a centre of travel and commerce. Situated on the Aegean Sea at the mouth of the Cayster River, the city was one of the greatest seaports of the ancient world.
The site of Ancient Ephesus was on the shores of that sea which today is located 8 km. away from the archaeological excavations. Over the centuries, in fact, rubble brought onto the plain of the "Kucuk Menderes" has enlarged the alluvial plain from the shores of the Aegean.
Ephesus is one of the great outdoor museums — perhaps of the world. The links of Ephesus with the Amazons and the myths had survived throughout history.
Ephesus; one of the most important regions of Izmir and Turkey and the most famous Greek city of the ancient times with a heritage to 6 thousand BC
As one of the most important 12 cities of the classical Greek period, Ephesus was a crucial religious centre for both Paganism and Christianity.
With fertile lands and its position as a gateway of trade between East and West, Ephesus became one of the most important cities of antiquity throughout the centuries.
The largest temple of Artemis is located in Ephesus. The cult of Artemis was a variation of the ancient cult of the Anatolian mother goddess Cybele.
Ephesus was one of the most important centers of science, art and culture. The birthplace of many prominent names , such as the philosopher Heraclitus, the diviner Artemidorus, the poets Callinus and Hipponax, the grammarian Zenodotus, and the physicians Soranus and Rufus.
Ephesus eventually came under the sovereignty of Rome, and Emperor Augustus declared Ephesus a metropolis. In the year 262 AD Ephesus was attacked and destroyed by the Goths and after this, it never regained its previous importance.
Part of the ancient city was destroyed by an earthquake in AD 614 while the other part was well preserved until the present day. Ephesus is hot and dry in the summer and mild and rainy in the winter — a Mediterranean climate
Only 15 % has been discovered ——much remains
Unmatched in terms of magnitude, Ephesus appeals from the archaeologist to the tourist. No modern city was ever built on the site , after abandonment. Remains are buried under layers of silt, uncovered and rebuilt by archeologists from different countries . You can sit in the great theatre where plays were performed and where a riot erupted during a meeting organized by the silversmith Demetrius whose business was affected by St. Paul’s missionary efforts (vividly described in Acts 19). You can freely wander the marble streets, marketplaces, temples, town hall, shops, library and homes, imagining the grandeur of this once great city.

Following images will show the magnitude of this old city.

Posted by henrhyde (gill) slow internet on 2013-10-31 08:31:41

Tagged: , cruise , ephesus , turkey , rome , mediterranean , city , ruins , ancient , sony

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